Piqué refers to a type of fabric weave characterized by a raised, textured surface with a pattern of small, diagonal ridges. It is a medium-weight fabric that is often used for shirts, blouses, dresses, and other garments.
The name "piqué" comes from the French word "piquer," which means "to prick." This refers to the way the fabric is woven, with a series of raised threads that create the distinctive texture. Piqué fabrics are created by using two sets of warp threads and one set of weft threads. The warp threads are raised and lowered in a specific pattern to create the diagonal ridges, while the weft threads are passed over and under the warp threads to hold them in place.
Piqué fabrics are known for their durability and resistance to wrinkles, making them a popular choice for clothing. They are also moisture-wicking, which means they are able to draw moisture away from the skin, making them a comfortable choice for active wear or hot weather. Piqué fabrics are often used for polo shirts, which is where the term "piqué polo" comes from.
Piqué fabrics can be made from a variety of materials, including cotton, polyester, and wool. Cotton piqué is the most common and is known for its breathability and softness. Polyester piqué is more durable and wrinkle-resistant, but may not be as comfortable to wear as cotton. Wool piqué is a luxurious option, but it is also more expensive and may not be as breathable as cotton or polyester.
Piqué fabrics are not only used for clothing, but also for other items such as bedding, upholstery, and even wallpaper. The raised texture of the fabric adds interest and dimension to these items, and the durability of piqué makes it a good choice for items that will see regular use.
In addition to its practical qualities, piqué fabrics are also known for their aesthetic appeal. The raised texture adds visual interest to garments, and the diagonal ridges can create a slimming effect. Piqué fabrics are also often used for decorative details such as trim or piping on garments, adding a touch of elegance to the overall design.
Overall, piqué is a versatile and durable fabric weave that is commonly used for clothing and other items. Its raised texture and moisture-wicking properties make it a popular choice for garments that need to be comfortable and functional.